From the Los Angeles Times
September 23, 2001

Brought In From the Cold,
P-38 'Glacier Girl'
Breathes New Life

The WWII-era Lightning, forced down
in Greenland during a storm
in 1942, could fly again


    MIDDLESBORO, Ky. - Glacier Girl has roared back to life, nearly 60 years after being abandoned in Greenland and becoming entombed in hundreds of feet of snow and ice.
    The P-38 Lightning, one of he fastest planes in the sky during World War II, was among six fighters and two bombers forced to crash-land in Greenland on July 15, 1942, during foul weather.
    The crews were rescued, but the warplanes were left behind and nearly forgotten.
    As a boy in Middlesboro, Kentucky, Roy Shoffner had become enamored of the piston-engine, propeller-driven P-38s and imagined flying one of the planes, which could reach 405 mph at altitudes as high as 35,000 feet.
    In the summer of 1992, he recovered one of the P-38s abandoned in Greenland, and this month he reached a milestone: The 1,275-horsepower engines were fired up at Middlesboro Airport, turning propellers for the first time since 1942.
    Even before that, the plane -- called Glacier Girl for its years in the snow and ice -- had become a hit in Middlesboro, drawing about 3,500 people a month to the Lost Squadron Museum to watch the restoration.
    "People cannot believe we went down into the ice cap, disassembled the airplane, brought it up one piece at a time and now have put it back together," Shoffner said.
    "It's bringing in thousands of visitors," said Judy Barton, director of the Bell County Tourism Commission. "If it ever flies, I don't believe we'll ever be able to handle the crowds of people who will come to see it."
    The United States built 10,113 of the planes. Just 24 survive, and only six still are flying.
    The pilots of the lost planes had to put down on the glacier because they were low on fuel and caught in thick clouds. It took rescuers on dog sleds 10 days to reach the 25 crew members; they got everyone back safely.
    By the time Shoffner -- a 73-year-old restaurateur, former banker and 1950s Air Force pilot -- got to the plane, the decades of storms had buried it 268 feet deep.
    "If you can't go through it, and you can't go around it, you just work up another solution to the problem," he said.
    Crews used streams of hot water to melt a 4-foot-wide tunnel down to the plane and open a cavern around it.
    Disassembling and retrieving the plane took about four months and cost about $638,000, said Bob Cardin, director of the restoration project. Tooling new parts to replace those destroyed by the weight of the ice has pushed the effort's price tag to the $3-million range, Shoffner said.
    They hope to taxi the plane at an air show in October and get Glacier Girl flying again sometime next year.
    Shoffner wants to fly it to Europe.
    "The insurance company would like to have someone who has experience flying a P-38 to be the pilot," Shoffner said. "But it's my airplane, and I'm going to fly it."